Finding the Perfect Fit: A Guide to Different Types of Period Products

Updated on August 8, 2023

Menstruation is a natural and essential biological process experienced by menstruating individuals worldwide. To manage their periods effectively and comfortably, a diverse range of period products is available in the market today. 

Each person’s menstrual needs and preferences are unique, and knowing the different types of period products can empower individuals to make informed choices. In this comprehensive guide, we explore the various options available, shedding light on their usage, benefits, and potential considerations.

1. Menstrual Pads

Menstrual pads, commonly referred to as sanitary napkins, rank among the most widely utilized period products. Comprised of absorbent materials, they are intended to be worn within underwear, offering a reliable shield against menstrual flow. 

Pads are available in a range of sizes, thicknesses, and absorbency levels, tailored to accommodate varying flow intensities. Certain pads also incorporate wings to ensure a secure fit and prevent any potential leakage.

  • Pros: Easy to use, widely available, suitable for different flow levels, and come in scented and unscented options.
  • Cons: May cause discomfort in hot and humid conditions, and some individuals may experience skin irritation due to the materials or adhesive used.

2. Tampons

Tampons are cylindrical absorbent products made of cotton or a blend of materials. They are inserted into the vaginal canal to absorb menstrual blood before it leaves the body. 

Tampons come in different sizes and absorbency levels, making them suitable for various flow intensities. Some tampons also have applicators to aid insertion.

  • Pros: Discreet, comfortable, can be worn during physical activities like swimming, and reduce the risk of menstrual odour.
  • Cons: There is a risk of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) if not used properly, may cause dryness or discomfort if left in for too long, and some individuals may find them challenging to insert.

3. Period Underwear

Period underwear is a newer addition to the array of period products. These underwear have built-in absorbent layers that can hold menstrual flow, eliminating the need for additional pads or tampons. Period underwear comes in various styles and absorbency levels to suit different preferences and flow intensities.

  • Pros: Reusable and eco-friendly, comfortable and discreet, suitable for light to moderate flow days, and reduces the risk of leakage.
  • Cons: May not be suitable for heavy flow days, and some individuals may prefer additional protection with pads or tampons.

3. Menstrual Cups

Menstrual cups are molded in a bell-shaped form, crafted from medical-grade silicone or latex-free materials. These cups are designed for insertion into the vaginal canal, where they collect menstrual blood instead of absorbing it like other period products. 

An eco-friendly choice, menstrual cups are reusable and can be comfortably worn for up to 12 hours before requiring emptying and cleaning.

  • Pros: Eco-friendly, cost-effective in the long run, can be worn during physical activities, and reduces the risk of TSS compared to tampons.
  • Cons: Some individuals may find it challenging to insert or remove, may cause leakage if not positioned correctly, and require proper cleaning between uses.

5. Menstrual Discs

Menstrual discs are small, flexible discs made of medical-grade materials that are inserted into the vaginal fornix to collect menstrual flow. Unlike menstrual cups, which sit lower in the vaginal canal, discs are positioned higher, near the cervix.

  • Pros: Can be worn during sexual intercourse, holds more menstrual fluid than tampons or cups, and reduces the risk of TSS.
  • Cons: May be challenging to insert or remove for some individuals, and proper positioning is crucial to prevent leakage.


Understanding the different types of period products empowers individuals to choose the most suitable option based on their unique needs, preferences, and lifestyle. Each product offers its own set of benefits and considerations, and trying out various options can help individuals find what works best for them. 

With the abundance of period products available today, menstruation can be managed comfortably, confidently, and sustainably, allowing individuals to embrace their menstrual cycle with ease and grace.

+ posts

Throughout the year, our writers feature fresh, in-depth, and relevant information for our audience of 40,000+ healthcare leaders and professionals. As a healthcare business publication, we cover and cherish our relationship with the entire health care industry including administrators, nurses, physicians, physical therapists, pharmacists, and more. We cover a broad spectrum from hospitals to medical offices to outpatient services to eye surgery centers to university settings. We focus on rehabilitation, nursing homes, home care, hospice as well as men’s health, women’s heath, and pediatrics.