Martin Polanco: Different Types and Common Symptoms of Psychiatric Disorders

Updated on August 24, 2020

The term psychiatric disorder is often used to refer to psychological or mental disorders. Psychiatric disorders are supposed to be patterns of psychological or behavioral symptoms that are known to adversely affect various aspects of your life. We understand that these mental disorders generate a lot of distress, and can be damaging to everyday activities if not properly addressed. The following article details some of the most common symptoms of psychiatric disorders.

1) Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurodevelopmental disorders are those that are detected during childhood or infancy or adolescence. These psychiatric disorders include:  

Intellectual Disability 

Intellectual Developmental Disorder originates usually before someone is 18 years old. This sort of a developmental disorder is generally characterized by certain limitations or shortcomings in adaptive behaviors and intellectual functioning.

Autism Spectrum Disorder 

Autism Spectrum Disorder is characterized by consistent deficits in communication and social interaction in many aspects of life, as well as repetitive and restricted behavior patterns. Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder cause remarkable impairment in various crucial areas of life and that may include occupational and social functioning both early on and later in life.

ADHD or Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD or Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is characterized by a nagging pattern of inattentiveness and hyperactivity-impulsivity that would be interfering with normal functioning. Experts like Dr. Martin Polanco believe that multiple symptoms were present before the patient was 12 years old. These symptoms will negatively affect the academic, occupational, and social functioning.

2) Bipolar and Associated Disorders

Bipolar disorders are those that make up the foremost category of psychiatric or psychological disorders. As per, bipolar disorder is an extremely overwhelming condition that has been marked by several myths and misconceptions. Those suffering from bipolar disorder encounter episodes of depression that can cause individuals to become exasperated and depressed, unable to perform normal responsibilities. This disorder is characterized by drastic shifts between periods of depression and elevated moods.


Mania is characterized by periods of expansive, elevated, or irritable moods that are accompanied by a boost in energy and activity. Mania sessions are characterized by feelings of irritability, distraction, and even excessive confidence. Patients suffering from mania tend to engage in activities that may trigger long-term implications like shopping sprees or gambling. 

Depressive Episodes

Depression is marked by feelings of sadness accompanied by a total lack of interest in general activities. It may trigger feelings of fatigue and irritability. Patients may have sleeping issues and may experience suicidal thoughts.

3) Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are regarded as a kind of psychological disorder. They are marked by persistent and excessive worry, fear, behavioral disturbances, and other types of anxiety. Fear seems to be a direct response to a perceived threat or even a real threat. Kinds of anxiety disorders are:

GAD or Generalized Anxiety Disorder

GAD is characterized by excessive fear or worries about daily events or occurrences. Even though stress and worries are an integral part of living your life, GAD is quite different. It is characterized by excessive worry that interferes with the normal functioning and well-being of an individual. 

PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is often triggered after a person has been exposed to a near death experience, sexual violence, or another serious injury or trauma. Some distinctive symptoms of PTSD are episodes of reliving the scary event, having negative thoughts, feeling on edge, etc.  


When you find it difficult to cope with your stress or anxiety it is best to seek immediate help and effective treatment from a qualified psychiatrist. If you recognized any of your own symptoms while reading this article, reach out to your primary care physician for advice as soon as you can. 

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