A Less “Taxing” New Year: Ten Things You Can Do by December 31st to Cut Your 2016 Tax Bill

Updated on December 31, 2016

Excerpted from J.K. Lasser’s Your Income Tax 2017, here are some simple steps you can take right now to decrease your 2016 tax bill.

(Hurry: These must be done before the ball drops in Times Square.)

The holiday season is in full swing, and you’re probably in a last-minute-gift-buying, party-planning frenzy right now. The last thing on your mind? Taxes. For most people, sparing a thought for the upcoming tax season is the ultimate “bah humbug.” But this mindset could cost you big when April 15th rolls around, warns tax and business attorney Barbara Weltman.

“There are some very simple steps you can take right now, before the end of the year, that can make a big dent in your tax burden,” says Weltman, who is the spokesperson for J.K. Lasser’s Your Income Tax 2017 (Wiley, October 2016, Paperback and e-book, ISBN: 978-1-119-24820-0, $24.95). “It’s crazy that people miss so many opportunities to save money just because they’re disorganized or have procrastination issues.”

The book Weltman represents is written to help the average taxpayer successfully navigate the filing process. With full coverage of all changes and adjustments to the tax laws—including new deductions and credits—it provides clear, plain-English explanations that help readers decipher the tax code and reduce what taxpayers owe.

          So step away from the gift wrap, pour yourself a cup of hot apple cider, and start checking off this end-of-the-year tax-relief list:

  1. Make charitable contributions if you’re an itemizer. Charging gifts by credit card or mailing a check before the end of the year nails down a charitable contribution deduction for 2016.
  2. Pay outstanding medical bills. If you itemize, you can deduct amounts charged this year or checks mailed before the end of the year. For those age 65 and older, 2016 is the last year for a 7.5 percent adjusted gross income threshold (it’s set to go to 10 percent of AGI next year).
  3. Take your required minimum distribution (RMD). Those who are required to take distributions from IRAs and qualified retirement plans but fail to do so face a 50 percent penalty. Those 70½ and older can transfer from an IRA up to $100,000 directly to a public charity; it satisfies the RMD and is tax-free.
  4. Use up your FSAs. If you have a medical FSA or dependent care FSA at work, use up your 2016 contributions. For a medical FSA, check whether you have a grace period or any carryover.
  5. Check eligibility for making a contribution to a health savings account. As long as you’re covered by a high-deductible health plan for all of December (and continue in such plan), you can make a full year tax-deductible contribution for 2016; no itemizing is required.
  6. Take losses on securities. The stock market is open on December 30. Losses can offset gains and then up to $3,000 of ordinary income; excess losses can be carried over. Watch the wash sale rule.
  7. Maximize your retirement savings. Check with your employer about contributing to your company plan (maximum 401(k) contribution is $18,000, or $24,000 if 50 or older).
  8. Prepay college tuition for a semester starting in the first three months of 2017. This will allow you to claim an education credit on your 2016 return.
  9. Discuss deferred compensation arrangements for year-end bonuses. Lower tax rates in the future can mean big savings.
  10. Increase tax payments to cover anticipated taxes. This can be done by asking an employer to take a lump sum from the final paycheck or make/increase the final estimated tax payment in January.

          “Do as many of these steps as you can right now,” urges Weltman. “When April 15th rolls around—and it will be here before you know it—you’ll be glad you took the initiative.”

Barbara Weltman, J.K. Lasser’s spokesperson, is an experienced media professional, ready to lend her expertise to print, online, and broadcast segments and is available for interviews and year-end tax questions. Barbara has been named among the List of 100 Small Business Influencers for five years in a row, among many other major honors. She also hosts the radio show “Business Leader Radio” on www.wsradio.com. Barbara can be reached at: [email protected].

J.K. Lasser Institute has been the premier publisher of consumer tax guides since 1939, when Jacob Kay Lasser first published Your Income Tax. Since then, the guide has been published continuously for over 70 years and read by over 39,000,000 people. J.K. Lasser’s Your Income Tax 2017 (Wiley, October 2016, Paperback and e-book, ISBN: 978-1-119-24820-0, $24.95) has the perfect blend of expert advice; up-to-date information; and clear, jargon-free explanations to help the average taxpayer successfully navigate the filing process.

The J.K. Lasser Institute also publishes several personal finance books, including Small Business Taxes, 1001 Deductions & Tax Breaks, Homeowner’s Tax Breaks, Year-Round Tax Planning, and more.

For more information visit www.jklasser.com.

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