Important Medical Equipment Required By Hospitals

Updated on December 3, 2020

Hospitals need to be prepared for any type of emergency which might walk in through its doors. This is why it becomes necessary to keep different types of medical equipment’s in hand so that holistic care facilities can be offered to the patients. This can comprise of both new and used medical equipment like the ones listed down below:

  • Stretchers

Emergency situations call for transporting of patients from the ward to the operation theatre. Stretchers can serve as an easy means of moving the patients around and are thus a must-have for hospitals. 

  • Suction Machine

This medical device removes various forms of gaseous or liquid secretions from the body cavity. Suction apparatus might either be single or double jar. It operates on the principle of vacuuming and clears the airway of saliva, blood, vomit and similar secretions so that the patients can breathe easily. Suctioning prevents growth of microorganisms and pulmonary aspiration which on being left untreated causes lung infections. 

  • Anaesthesia Machines

These machines are uniquely designed for offering a continuous supply of various medical gases to keep the patients drowsy while operating. Technological advancement has added an array of incremental tools to the anaesthesia machines like suction unit, ventilator and patient-monitoring devices. 

  • Defibrillators

The defibrillators are well-suited for life-threatening scenarios like tachycardia or cardiac arrhythmias. It helps in restoring back the normal heart rhythm and is thus an essential tool for all hospitals. 

  • Sterilizer

Autoclaves are used by hospitals for killing different types of microbes like bacteria, fungi, spores, viruses and similar entities found in surgical tools and peer medical items. The sterilizers can sanitize different equipment and supplies by spraying a high-pressure saturated steam, boiling liquid or dry heat over a predetermined time span. 

  • Fluid and Blanket Warmers

Body temperature of patients fluctuating during surgeries can cause various post-surgical complications like perioperative hypothermia, increased risk of infection and prolonged hospitalization, as well as, recovery time. Herein lies the importance of blanket and fluid warmers for hospitals to guarantee optimum care to the patients. 

  • ECG/EKG Machines

Electrocardiogram devices help in recording the electrical pulses sent by our heart. This rhythm is monitored by the doctors over a particular time span in search of any abnormalities. 

  • Patient Monitors

Just as the name suggests, these standard pieces of medical equipment help in keeping tab over the patient’s condition both during and after the surgery. Adult, neonatal and paediatric patients have the requirement of a proper patient monitor. 

  • Surgical Tables

This equipment can prove to be helpful especially during the patient preparation stage before transferring him/her to the operation theatre. The patient is often laid down on the surgical table during a surgical operation. These devices can either be electric or hydraulic/manual operated. 

  • Surgical Lights

Surgeons have to preform intricate operations and that’s why they require adequate lighting. This is something that can be guaranteed by surgical lights which are a mandatory part of all operation rooms. The surgical lights can be classified into different types depending on their light source, mounting, size, illumination etc like mobile OT light, single dome, ceiling type, stand type, double dome, halogen, LED etc. 

  • Electrosurgical Units (ESU)

The electrosurgical units are to coagulate, cut and alter tissue during the surgical procedures. This helps in limiting blood flow in a particular region for increasing visibility and helping surgeons during surgery. An ESU comprises of a handpiece with electrodes and a generator. Medical experts can manage the device through the switch present either on the foot or handpiece. A variety of electrical waveforms are produced by the electrosurgical generators.

  • Biochemistry Analyzer

This equipment measures the chemical concentration during different stages of a biological process. The automated varieties can measure different chemical levels with next to none human intervention in the hospital laboratory.

  • Haematology Analyser 

The Haematology analysers are used for counting and monitoring blood cells of the patients. The basic varieties offer a complete blood count along with a three-part different count of white blood cells. Its advanced variants can both measure blood cells and detect its population for diagnosing different rare types of blood conditions. 

Final Words

Every hospital needs to have the above-mentioned set of standard equipment at all times for providing comprehensive treatment to the patients.

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