Irrespective of age acne is the perhaps last desire of any person. Not only does it cause a hit to your confidence, it also deteriorates the skin texture by making it rough. Nevertheless, you can avail the best acne treatment in Singapore to eradicate these small bumps on your skin. Depending on its severity, it is always recommended to get a specialized & qualified consultation from a dermatologist.
Read further to understand the root cause of your acne and different methods to eradicate them!
Acne – What Is It?
The human skin develops blackheads or spots when the pores are clogged by dead skin cells, skin oil, and airborne bacteria. When these develop as zits, they are called “acne”.
There is always confusion between acne and pimple outbreaks on the face. Irrespective of any body part, acne can be seen in different forms like whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples.
Some different types of inflammatory acne – as mentioned below – can be the main reason for scarring:
- Nodules – Hard and pain-inducing acne under your skin affecting the chest, back or face
- Papules – Very small elevated bump on the skin developed by extra oil and cells that block skin pores
- Pustules – Small bumps on the skin containing pus or white fluid, similar to pimples
- Cystic – Severe type of acne, developing underneath the skin that is a mixture of oil, bacteria, and dry skin (dead skin cells)
Treatment Options To Eradicate Acne
Over The Counter (OTC) Measures
1 Salicylic Acid:
Salicylic acid is one of the highly recommended OTC medicines for acne treatment. It not only contains anti-inflammatory ingredients to reduce inflammation, it also acts as a peeling agent, treating acne effectively while rejuvenating the skin.
2 Benzoyl Peroxide:
Relevant forms of Benzoyl Peroxide can cure mild acne as it has some anti-inflammatory properties. However, it can induce mild side effects like skin dryness, itchy and hurting sensations.
3 External Use Of Vitamin A – Retinoids:
Specialists often see retinoids as the “Fundamental Topical Treatment” for the skin not only because they help in reducing inflammation and comedones but also they also help in maintaining vibrant skin in the long haul.
These are very effective after any medical skin therapy.
Some of the noted side effects of retinoids are – mild itching and burning sensation, skin redness, and dryness.
1 Exfoliation Peeling:
Exfoliating is removing the dry skin (or dead skin) cells from the skin surface by using an exfoliation tool, chemical, or granular substance.
This application of this process is dependent on the acne severity. Your dermatologist might recommend one of the three types – Superficial, Medium, or Deep Peel congruent to the severity of your acne.
A dermabrasion or microdermabrasion is a cosmetic treatment to remove dry epidermal cells from the skin. It also helps in reviving the skin tone and is a proven treatment that gives positive effects for skin enhancement.
3 Laser Treatment:
Different types of skin treatments are possible with light and laser therapies. Your qualified dermatologist can recommend this treatment to you depending on the severity of your acne.
In this therapy, the elevated sebaceous gland activities are reduced and inflammation is decreased concurrently. During laser therapy, the top layer of the skin is also removed, resurfacing and rejuvenating the skin.
5 Oral Antibiotics:
Your dermatologist may also recommend oral antibiotics to treat your acne as some antibiotics contain anti-inflammatory properties. Though antibiotics are used for over 40 years, continual usage should be avoided as it might affect your resistance power to bacteria.
5 Vitamin-A Or Isotretinoin:
When acne is severe and inflammatory, Isotretinoin is very helpful. It is a form of Vitamin-A, which assures a permanent acne solution.
Isotretinoin reduces the production of sebum – an oily wax produced by your sebaceous glands. The intake of this vitamin-A depends on the severity of acne and your dermatologist will prescribe it accordingly.
However, do not attempt to start this medical treatment on your own, as it has a certain side effect that comprises of:
- Nausea, loss of hair, cracked lips, dry skin, alteration in nail and skin quality, and weight loss.
- It is not recommended for pregnant ladies or who are planning to conceive.
Can You Be Proactive And Prevent Acne?
It is always said that “prevention is better than cure”, there are some prevention measures that you can take to ensure a healthy complexion.
Here is a list of some good habits you should adopt to keep your skin healthy and glowing:
- Wash your face at least twice a day with a mild cleanser
- Hydrate yourself (and your skin!)
- Use a sunscreen of at least SPF30 during outdoor visits to protect your skin from the harsh sunlight
- If you have sensitive skin, use water-based makeup products instead of oil-based products, as the latter may block the skin pores.
- Never break or pop the pimples as it might infect the other clean pores and lead to acne breakouts.