The concentration of certain pollutants inside living spaces is often 2 to 5 times higher than outdoor levels making indoor air quality a concern for the health and well-being of its occupants. As people spend nearly 90% of their time indoors according to the survey of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the quality of air inside homes and buildings becomes very important as it can directly impact the health of people in the short and long term. Immediate reactions such as allergies and irritations can be felt while over time, accumulation of harmful particles in vital organs such as the lungs and air passageways can cause chronic diseases. It is imperative to improve indoor air quality to mitigate the effects of pollution inside structures.
Use Air Purifiers and Change Filters
Another efficient way of removing indoor toxins is to use air purifiers. Filtration of the air to remove unwanted and harmful airborne particles can be done through a building’s home, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. There are also portable air cleaners that can be used for smaller spaces such as bedrooms or dens. They help get rid of contaminants in the air by trapping them in permanent or disposable filters. Filters must be washed or replaced regularly so that they are effective in doing their job.
Apart from the use of air filtration appliances, there are also natural ways to purify the air indoors. For example, bamboo charcoal air purifier bags are great at removing odors, allergens, and pet dander. It is safe for humans and pets and can be reused for up to two years. Other natural sources of air filtration include purifying plants such as the peace lily, beeswax candles, and salt lamps.
Clean Living Spaces and Focus on Sources of Pollution
Keeping the home clean is probably the most effective strategy in controlling and removing indoor pollutants. Clearly, there are several sources of air pollution in every room and surface. Be sure to focus cleaning efforts on dangerous contaminants lurking in your home such as pet dander, dust, and mold. Vacuum carpets and rugs at least twice a week using a vacuum cleaner fitted with a HEPA filter. Better yet, remove wall-to-wall carpets to cut down on allergens and opt for hard floors. Regularly changing beddings and linens also reduces allergens. Wash them in hot water or using temperatures of at least 130°F. Don’t forget to dust drapes as they tend to attract dust and other contaminants. To discourage mites that you can easily breathe in, invest in dust-mite proof pillow and mattress covers.
Changing indoor air is very important to maintain a good quality of air, prevent the build-up of musty odors, and reduce the chances of mold appearance. The problem is regular aeration of the house does not take place often enough making the air inside stale and filled with toxins that are just recirculating indoors. Therefore, make it a habit to air the house every other day. It does not take a long time to let fresh air indoors. All you need is to open windows wide open for at least 15 minutes to freshen up the house.
Poor indoor air quality is a source of illnesses and respiratory diseases affecting health and wellbeing. The good news is you can eliminate or reduce impurities in the air by targeted cleaning, use of air purifiers, and proper ventilation.